Getting Started

    butane is a tool that will consume a Butane configuration and produce an Ignition configuration file that can be given to a Container Linux machine when it first boots to set the machine up. Using this config, a machine can be told to create users, format the root filesystem, set up the network, install systemd units, and more.

    Butane configuration are YAML files conforming to Butane’s schema. For more information on the schema, take a look at configuration .

    butane can be downloaded from its GitHub Releases page or used via Docker (docker run --rm -i < butane_config.yaml > ignition_config.json).

    As a simple example, let’s use butane to set the authorized ssh key for the core user on a Container Linux machine.

    variant: flatcar
    version: 1.0.0
        - name: core
            - ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc...

    In this above file, you’ll want to set the ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc... line to be your ssh public key (which is probably the contents of ~/.ssh/, if you’re on Linux).

    If we take this file and give it to butane:

    $ docker run --rm -i < butane_config.yaml
    {"ignition":{"version":"3.3.0"},"passwd":{"users":[{"name":"core","sshAuthorizedKeys":["ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc..."]}]}}

    We can see that it produces a JSON file. This file isn’t intended to be human-friendly, and will definitely be a pain to read/edit (especially if you have multi-line things like systemd units). Luckily, you shouldn’t have to care about this file! Just provide it to a booting Container Linux machine and Ignition, the utility inside of Container Linux that receives this file, will know what to do with it.

    The method by which this file is provided to a Container Linux machine depends on the environment in which the machine is running. For instructions on a given provider, head over to the list of supported platforms for Ignition .

    To see some examples for what else Butane can do, head over to the examples .

    Migration from Container Linux Config

    While quite similar, there are some changes needed to migrate a Container Linux Config to Butane.

    • The variant and version keys are required.
    • The Butane transpiler has no platform feature for templating with dynamic data. The resulting feature is still available by explicitly loading the metadata variables to reference dynamic data .
    • The high-level sections for etcd, flannel, docker, update, and locksmith are gone and instead the resulting units or files need to be written explicity. For etcd see the cluster docs . Both the update and locksmith fields go to /etc/flatcar/update.conf.
    • The networkd section is gone and instead the files need to be written directly to /etc/systemd/network/ directory.
    • The overwrite field for files is not set to true by default anymore, so it needs to be explicitly set to true for the old behavior.
    • File entries can’t specify filesystems anymore as was done with filesystem: root or filesystem: oem. Instead, they use the full path, and which filesystem this is depends on whether and how the initrd mount path is set for each specified filesystem.
    • Units only have the enabled field, support for enable got removed.