Running Flatcar Container Linux on Vagrant

    While we always welcome community contributions and fixes, please note that Vagrant is not an officially supported platform at this time. (See the platform overview .)

    Running Flatcar Container Linux with Vagrant is one way to bring up a single machine or virtualize an entire cluster on your laptop. Since the true power of Flatcar Container Linux can be seen with a cluster, we’re going to concentrate on that. Instructions for a single machine can be found towards the end of the guide.

    You can direct questions to the IRC channel or mailing list .

    Install Vagrant and VirtualBox

    Vagrant is a simple-to-use command line virtual machine manager. There are install packages available for Windows, Linux and OS X. Find the latest installer on the Vagrant downloads page . Be sure to get version 2.0.4 or greater, to be able to detect Flatcar images correctly.

    Vagrant can use either the free VirtualBox provider or the commercial VMware provider. Instructions for both are below. For the VirtualBox provider, version 4.3.10 or greater is required.

    Install Flatcar Container Linux

    You can import the flatcar box and boot it with Vagrant. You’ll find it in https://${CHANNEL}${VERSION}/ Make sure you download the signature (it’s available in https://${CHANNEL}${VERSION}/ and check it before proceeding.

    For example, to get the latest alpha:

    $ wget
    $ wget
    $ gpg --verify
    gpg: assuming signed data in ''
    gpg: Signature made Thu 15 Mar 2018 10:29:23 AM CET
    gpg:                using RSA key A621F1DA96C93C639506832D603443A1D0FC498C
    gpg: Good signature from "Flatcar Buildbot (Official Builds) <[email protected]>" [ultimate]
    $ vagrant box add flatcar-alpha
    ==> box: Box file was not detected as metadata. Adding it directly...
    ==> box: Adding box 'flatcar-alpha' (v0) for provider:
        box: Unpacking necessary files from: file:///tmp/
    ==> box: Successfully added box 'flatcar-alpha' (v0) for 'virtualbox'!
    $ vagrant init flatcar-alpha
    A `Vagrantfile` has been placed in this directory. You are now
    ready to `vagrant up` your first virtual environment! Please read
    the comments in the Vagrantfile as well as documentation on
    `` for more information on using Vagrant.
    $ vagrant up
    Bringing machine 'default' up with 'virtualbox' provider...
    ==> default: Importing base box 'flatcar-alpha'...
    ==> default: Matching MAC address for NAT networking...
    ==> default: Setting the name of the VM: vagrant_default_1520510346048_14823
    ==> default: Clearing any previously set network interfaces...
    ==> default: Preparing network interfaces based on configuration...
        default: Adapter 1: nat
    ==> default: Forwarding ports...
        default: 22 (guest) => 2222 (host) (adapter 1)
    ==> default: Running 'pre-boot' VM customizations...
    ==> default: Booting VM...
    ==> default: Waiting for machine to boot. This may take a few minutes...
        default: SSH address:
        default: SSH username: core
        default: SSH auth method: private key
    ==> default: Machine booted and ready!
    $ vagrant ssh
    Last login: Thu Mar 15 17:02:25 UTC 2018 from on ssh
    Flatcar Container Linux by Kinvolk alpha (1702.1.0)
    core@localhost ~ $

    Starting a cluster

    You can configure your Vagrant machine by having a Vagrantfile example file:

    ENV["TERM"] = "xterm-256color"
    ENV["LC_ALL"] = "en_US.UTF-8"
    Vagrant.require_version '>= 2.0.4'
    Vagrant.configure('2') do |config|
      config.ssh.username = 'core'
      config.ssh.insert_key = true = 'flatcar-alpha'
      config.vm.synced_folder '.', '/vagrant', disabled: true
      config.vm.provider :virtualbox do |v|
        v.check_guest_additions = false
        v.functional_vboxsf = false
        v.cpus = 2
        v.memory = 2048
      config.vm.define 'core-01' do |c|
      config.vm.define 'core-02' do |c|
      config.vm.define 'core-03' do |c|

    Start machines using Vagrant’s default VirtualBox provider

    Start the machine(s):

    vagrant up

    List the status of the running machines:

    $ vagrant status
    Current machine states:
    core-01                   running (virtualbox)
    core-02                   running (virtualbox)
    core-03                   running (virtualbox)
    This environment represents multiple VMs. The VMs are all listed
    above with their current state. For more information about a specific
    VM, run `vagrant status NAME`.

    Connect to one of the machines:

    vagrant ssh core-01 -- -A

    Start machines using Vagrant’s VMware provider

    If you have purchased the VMware Vagrant provider , run the following commands:

    vagrant up --provider vmware_fusion
    vagrant ssh core-01 -- -A

    Single machine

    To start a single machine, we need to provide some config parameters in cloud-config format via the user-data file.

    Start the machine:

    vagrant up

    Connect to the machine:

    vagrant ssh core-01 -- -A

    Start machine using Vagrant’s VMware provider

    If you have purchased the VMware Vagrant provider , run the following commands:

    vagrant up --provider vmware_fusion
    vagrant ssh core-01 -- -A

    Shared folder setup

    Optionally, you can share a folder from your laptop into the virtual machine. This is useful for easily getting code and Dockerfiles into Flatcar Container Linux.

    config.vm.synced_folder ".", "/home/core/share", id: "core", :nfs => true,  :mount_options   => ['nolock,vers=3,udp']

    After a ‘vagrant reload’ you will be prompted for your local machine password.

    New box versions

    Flatcar Container Linux is a rolling release distribution and versions that are out of date will automatically update. If you want to start from the most up to date version you will need to make sure that you have the latest box file of Flatcar Container Linux. You can do this using vagrant box update - or, simply remove the old box file and Vagrant will download the latest one the next time you vagrant up.

    vagrant box remove flatcar-alpha vmware_fusion
    vagrant box remove flatcar-alpha virtualbox

    If you’d like to download the box separately, you can download the URL contained in the Vagrantfile and add it manually:

    vagrant box add flatcar-alpha <path-to-box-file>

    Using Flatcar Container Linux

    Now that you have a machine booted it is time to play around. Check out the Flatcar Container Linux Quickstart guide, learn about CoreOS Container Linux clustering with Vagrant , or dig into more specific topics .